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Fertility rates, meanwhile, remain astonishingly high in

n some countries, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. In a few of the poorest-Niger, Mali and th

e Democratic Republic of Congo-the rate is 6-7 children per woman. The resulting flood of new ent

rants to the labor market is far outstripping the number of jobs available.

Empowering women key to meeting challenge

No known growth model can accommodate or keep up with this k

ind of demographic surge. Even sustained economic growth of around 7 percent per year

won’t be enough. And although fertility tends to decline as incomes rise, that does not happen immediately. Em

powering women, therefore, may be the most effective way of starting to address the challenge.

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He said it is key for scientists to communicate with gov

ernment officials to create better planning and new solutions, and more inte

rdisciplinary research into natural disasters and risk management is also helpful.

China is in the midst of implementing a host of reforms, which are focu

sed on opening up its economy to foreign competition and strengthening its private sec

tor. They are needed to upgrade its industries and avoid the dreaded middle-income trap.

Many of these reforms are exactly what the United States is asking for in the trade negotiations, but China

is actually pursuing these reforms primarily to achieve its own long-term internal economic goals.

One standard goal is to create a “level playin

g field” so that foreign companies can compete against domestic companies in each country.

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China has also recently announced a strengthened reg

gime of intellectual property rights protection. Again, this is what foreign negotiat

ors are seeking, but also is important for China’s own economy as it transitions to being a technology leader.

Trade agreements can affect the types of goods being traded and they can redirect trade toward one c

ountry, away from others. They cannot directly affect any country’s worldwide current account bal

ance. A country that saves less than it invests will have to borrow foreign funds to import foreign goods to make up that difference.

There are two ways to reduce the US trade deficit. A serious recession would reduce investme

nt, but nobody advocates that as a strategy. The only other path is to change the US financial and gov

ernment system to encourage increased savings. China has almost nothing to do with it.

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US soy farmers call for cool-down of trade tensions

US soy farmers have urged Washington to work for a positive solution to the current tarif

f dispute with the world’s top oilseed buyer China, and avoid further escalation of trade tensions.

In a statement released late Tuesday, the American Soybean Association (ASA) described the t

hreat by US President Donald Trump’s administration to increase the tariff rate from 10 percent to 25 p

ercent on $200 billion worth of Chinese goods as the “worst case” for US soybean growers.

“This is a predicament for soy growers,” said Davie Stephens, ASA president and a soybean farmer from Kentucky.

“With depressed (soybean) prices and unsold stocks fo

recast to double before the 2019 harvest begins in September, we nee

d the China market reopened to US soybean exports within weeks, not months or longer,” he added.

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Lan Fei, marketing center director for Guangzhou Wei

meizi Industrial Co in Guangdong province, said people in lower-tier cities have huge consumption power.

In 2016, the company’s oral care brand Saky reached customers in lower-tier cities for the first time. Mor

eover, the quality of oral care products in this market varies, so there is huge potential.

In addition to traditional sales channels such as supermarkets and stores, Saky was introduced to co

nsumers in lower-tier cities by livestreaming hosts on social media platforms. The hosts used en

tertaining methods to introduce oral care products and educate consumers about the correct way to use them.

“On Kuaishou, the host placed some sesame powder on a piece of c

orn, showing that Saky’s electric toothbrush could easily wash it away,” he said. “The host

also held a Saky electric toothbrush against a balloon (which did not burst) to demonstrate that its power could not damage teeth.”

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Li Qiang, director of the Shenzhou Institute’s postgradua

raduate department, said China has trained hundreds of foreign space engineers since the mid-1990s.

However, those training sessions were mostly occasional, often accompanied a satellite export deal, and were mainly focu

sed on ground-based control and applications of satellites rather than their design and production, the director said.

“However, in recent years, along with the expansion in our cooperation in the space indu

stry with other countries, many of our foreign partners voiced their hopes that we could hold some sort of syst

ematic training programs to help them create their own spacecraft designers and technicians,” he said.

Therefore, he said, “We decided to open a two-year postgraduate prog

ram and then sent the message to countries having space cooperation with China.”

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As the state was looking for innovative ways to tackle

 the Asian carp problem, Kentucky awarded Yu its first-ever fish house contract in fall last year. Under the deal, Yu’s Kentucky Fish

Center will buy Asian carp at a guaranteed price, with part of this coming from a government subsidy.

All fish at the center will be sold by auction to buyers in the US or overseas. S

ales will be overseen by the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources.

Kentucky provided a secured $734,000 fixed-assets loan to help the center begin oper

ating. Additional incentives will be awarded every year based on performance.

The center needs to reach certain goals: to remove 2.26 million kg of Asian

carp from Kentucky waters this year and increase that amount gradually to just ov

er 9 million kg annually by 2024. If those goals are met, the loan will be waived.

The entire program will cost Kentucky about $4 million.

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In the past couple of years, Dong Biyong, a mille

lennial enjoyed buying many Palace Museum souvenirs, gifts and other creative produ

cts. “I tried quite a few from makeup kits, lipstick, blush, to various creative gadgets. They are good so

uvenirs in combining the Palace Museum culture and history with their functions,” Dong said.

According to He Jianmin, a professor specializing in cultural tourism research at the Shanghai University of Finance and Econo

mics, said both the Palace Museum and Shanghai Disneyland have high reputation among visitors. Since both bo

ast intellectual property rights over their creative products, counterfeits are virtually unknown.

Shanghai Disneyland, a $5.5 billion theme park, received more than 11 milli

on visitors in its first year of operation (2016-17), and is “close” to the break-even point.

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Since the expo site is about 74 km from downtown Beiji

g and the Yanqing district also has many tourist attractions, especially the Badaling section of t

he Great Wall, the authorities have launched a comprehensive plan to meet the requirements.

The government has added public transportation means for tourists. Six bus lines directly linking the expo site via the exp

ressway linking Beijing and Chongli district of Zhangjiakou, Hebei province, have been introduced.

The bus lines start at Zhuxinzhuang Station of line 8, Beianhe Station of line 16, Tiant

ongyuan North Station of line 5, Jin’anqiao Station of line 6, Xierqi Station of line 13 and Liuliqiao East Station of line 9.

Buses running between Zhuxinzhuang Station and the expo’s P3 Parking

Lot will commence journey once the vehicle is full at every less than 30-minute intervals. Othe

r five lines will run every 30 minutes on weekends and holidays. The bus fare will be 16 yuan.

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The Qiansimen Bridge, opened to traffic in 2015, cross

sses the Jialing River with a cable-stayed main span that is 312 meters, connecting the Jiangbei and the Yuzhon

g Districts. It’s the world’s longest single plane cable-stayed bridge by the length of main span with one tower.

Both are double deck structures carrying four lanes of traffic on their upper decks and two rail lines on their lower decks.

Tien-yow Jeme Civil Engineering Prize awards civil engineering projects that have made

great achievements on technological innovation and technological application.

The Twin River Bridges are sceneries by themselves while look

ing separately and complement each other nicely when looking together, according to its review on the o

fficial website of China Civil Engineering Society. “The bridges, blended with surrounding environment, are lan

dmark buildings combining transportation, landscape and technological innovation.”

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